During the War of 1812, this flag flew aboard Oliver Hazard Perry's flagship "Lawrence" while he was commanding an American squadron in the Battle of Lake Erie on September 10, 1813. Perry had named his ship after Captain James Lawrence, the hero of an earlier sea battle off New England whose dying words were "Don't Give Up The Ship"
The Burgundy cross, based on the wooden cross where St. Andrew was crucified, is an old vexillological symbol used by Spain, especially at sea, for many years. In much more recent times, it was used by the Carlists (Requetés) during the Spanish Civil War and afterwards, and by the Traditionalist Party (Partido Tradicionalista) during the post-Franco years.
All outdoor flags have a canvas heading with brass grommets. The Green Mountain Boys were a part of the New Hampshire militia during the Revolutionary War. My (Living History) unit, the 2nd New Hampshire Continental Regiment, fought with the Green Mountain Boys at Hubbardton, where we were all routed or captured. None of us would have gotten away if it had not been for the 'Boys counter-attacking the Hessians.
On the night of June 16-17, 1775, the Americans fortified Breed's and Bunker Hills overlooking Boston Harbor. Although they had not officially declared their independence, a fight was underway. When the British advanced up the slope the next day they saw an early New England flag, possibly a red or blue banner.
This royal French flag was used from 1400 until 1590. The most important flag carried by explorers and settlers was most likely the royal flag, since this was a symbol of the authority of the king in the new lands. In the early sixteenth century the French royal flag was blue with three gold fleurs-de-lis representing directly the shield in the royal French coat of arms.