This flag and design with the coat of arms of France in the center are most commonly associated with ceremonial occasions from 1590 - 1790. There was no specified number of fleurs-de-lis for these flags. Actually this design was printed onto lengths of yard goods and cut off to size as needed.
On the night of June 16-17, 1775, the Americans fortified Breed's and Bunker Hills overlooking Boston Harbor. Although they had not officially declared their independence, a fight was underway. When the British advanced up the slope the next day they saw an early New England flag, possibly a red or blue banner.
Prior to the French Revolution, there was no national flag which represented France. A variety of flags were used by troops, different types of ships and for other purposes. From 1590-1790, this flag is one of four that was used on warships and fortresses. The four flags were; a plain white flag, known as the Bourbon Banner,
American hopes were at a low point at the start of 1781. That changed, however, on January 17, when General Daniel Morgan won one of the most brilliant victories of the Revolutionary War at Cowpens, South Carolina. With the help of Maryland, Virginia, and Georgia regiments, Morgan stopped the attacking British dead in their tracks.
All outdoor flags have a canvas heading with brass grommets.The Green Mountain Boys were a part of the New Hampshire militia during the Revolutionary War. My (Living History) unit, the 2nd New Hampshire Continental Regiment, fought with the Green Mountain Boys at Hubbardton, where we were all routed or captured. None of us would have gotten away if it had not been for the 'Boys counter-attacking the Hessians.
During the War of 1812, this flag flew aboard Oliver Hazard Perry's flagship "Lawrence" while he was commanding an American squadron in the Battle of Lake Erie on September 10, 1813. Perry had named his ship after Captain James Lawrence, the hero of an earlier sea battle off New England whose dying words were "Don't Give Up The Ship"