This flag was in use during the crusades and it was one of the national emblems of England as early as 1277. In 1497, this flag was flown by John and Sebastian Cabot on their voyages from England to New Foundland and the North American continent, as well as by other English explorers, including Francis Drake, Sir Humphrey Gilbert and Sir Walter Raleigh.
All outdoor flags have a canvas heading with brass grommets.This version of the Confederate Flag, with its unusual 13 Star arrangement, was adopted by General Lee for use at his headquarters. General Lee's own flag is on display at the Museum of the Confederacy in Richmond Virginia.
On the night of June 16-17, 1775, the Americans fortified Breed's and Bunker Hills overlooking Boston Harbor. Although they had not officially declared their independence, a fight was underway. When the British advanced up the slope the next day they saw an early New England flag, possibly a red or blue banner.
In June, 1846, American settlers in California revolted and proclaimed an independent republic. They raised a bear flag that had a star and stripe from "Old Glory" and a silhouette of the California Grizzly. This flag was a republic flag for one month before being replaced by the Stars and Stripes and eventually became the state flag of California.
American hopes were at a low point at the start of 1781. That changed, however, on January 17, when General Daniel Morgan won one of the most brilliant victories of the Revolutionary War at Cowpens, South Carolina. With the help of Maryland, Virginia, and Georgia regiments, Morgan stopped the attacking British dead in their tracks.
This flag represented a group of about one hundred minutemen from Culpeper, Virginia. The group formed part of Colonel Patrick Henry's First Virginia Regiment of 1775. In October-November, 1775, three hundred such minutemen, led by Colonel Stevens, assembled at Culpeper Court House and marched for Williamsburg.
The Come and Take It flag was flown by the defiant citizens of Gonzales in November of 1835. The flag was hoisted to dare the troops of the Alamo de Parras Company under the command of Mexican Lieutenant Francisco Castañeda to repossess a cannon that had previously been given to the citizens for protection from Indian attacks. Though this skirmish was militarily inconsequential, as an act of defiance, it began the Texas Revolution.
The Burgundy cross, based on the wooden cross where St. Andrew was crucified, is an old vexillological symbol used by Spain, especially at sea, for many years. In much more recent times, it was used by the Carlists (Requetés) during the Spanish Civil War and afterwards, and by the Traditionalist Party (Partido Tradicionalista) during the post-Franco years.
This royal French flag was used from 1400 until 1590. The most important flag carried by explorers and settlers was most likely the royal flag, since this was a symbol of the authority of the king in the new lands. In the early sixteenth century the French royal flag was blue with three gold fleurs-de-lis representing directly the shield in the royal French coat of arms.