The Burgundy cross, based on the wooden cross where St. Andrew was crucified, is an old vexillological symbol used by Spain, especially at sea, for many years. In much more recent times, it was used by the Carlists (Requetés) during the Spanish Civil War and afterwards, and by the Traditionalist Party (Partido Tradicionalista) during the post-Franco years.
This flag was in use during the crusades and it was one of the national emblems of England as early as 1277. In 1497, this flag was flown by John and Sebastian Cabot on their voyages from England to New Foundland and the North American continent, as well as by other English explorers, including Francis Drake, Sir Humphrey Gilbert and Sir Walter Raleigh.
The Come and Take It flag was flown by the defiant citizens of Gonzales in November of 1835. The flag was hoisted to dare the troops of the Alamo de Parras Company under the command of Mexican Lieutenant Francisco Castañeda to repossess a cannon that had previously been given to the citizens for protection from Indian attacks. Though this skirmish was militarily inconsequential, as an act of defiance, it began the Texas Revolution.
During the War of 1812, this flag flew aboard Oliver Hazard Perry's flagship "Lawrence" while he was commanding an American squadron in the Battle of Lake Erie on September 10, 1813. Perry had named his ship after Captain James Lawrence, the hero of an earlier sea battle off New England whose dying words were "Don't Give Up The Ship"
This flag represented a group of about one hundred minutemen from Culpeper, Virginia. The group formed part of Colonel Patrick Henry's First Virginia Regiment of 1775. In October-November, 1775, three hundred such minutemen, led by Colonel Stevens, assembled at Culpeper Court House and marched for Williamsburg.
On the night of June 16-17, 1775, the Americans fortified Breed's and Bunker Hills overlooking Boston Harbor. Although they had not officially declared their independence, a fight was underway. When the British advanced up the slope the next day they saw an early New England flag, possibly a red or blue banner.
This royal French flag was used from 1400 until 1590. The most important flag carried by explorers and settlers was most likely the royal flag, since this was a symbol of the authority of the king in the new lands. In the early sixteenth century the French royal flag was blue with three gold fleurs-de-lis representing directly the shield in the royal French coat of arms.
In June, 1846, American settlers in California revolted and proclaimed an independent republic. They raised a bear flag that had a star and stripe from "Old Glory" and a silhouette of the California Grizzly. This flag was a republic flag for one month before being replaced by the Stars and Stripes and eventually became the state flag of California.